debian6升级到debian7的简单升级

2014-01-03第十号员工 的分享   加三联MM小编微信好友:sanlian2018

   2013年May.5th debian 官方宣布wheezy正式发布,成为新的stable发行版,如果不知道你的debian版本,可

  以用下面的命令查看:

  #cat /etc/issue 查看系统版本

  #uname -a 直接查看内核版本

  本次的版本更新了很多软件,修复了一些bug

  Nginx 1.2.1

  Apache 2.2.22

  Asterisk 1.8.13.1

  GIMP 2.8.2

  an updated version of the GNOME desktop environment 3.4

  GNU Compiler Collection 4.7.2

  Icedove 10 (an unbranded version of Mozilla Thunderbird)

  Iceweasel 10 (an unbranded version of Mozilla Firefox)

  KDE Plasma Workspaces and KDE Applications 4.8.4

  kFreeBSD kernel 8.3 and 9.0

  LibreOffice 3.5.4

  Linux 3.2

  MySQL 5.5.30

  Nagios 3.4.1

  OpenJDK 6b27 and 7u3

  Perl 5.14.2

  PHP 5.4.4

  Php5-fpm

  PostgreSQL 9.1

  Python 2.7.3 and 3.2.3

  Samba 3.6.6

  Tomcat 6.0.35 and 7.0.28

  Xen Hypervisor 4.1.4

  the Xfce 4.8 desktop environment

  X.Org 7.7

  more than 36,000 other ready-to-use software packages, built from nearly 17,500 source

  packages.

  对于之前的squeeze用户,升级还是很简单的.国内的用户直接去换一个源就行了

  在终端依次输入以下命令,备份老源文件,直接去163下载新源文件即可.

  #cp /etc/apt/sources.list /etc/apt/squeeze_sources_list

  #wget http://mirrors.163.com/.help/sources.list.wheezy -O /etc/apt/sources.list

  或者直接把复制下面的,并且把老的squeeze的注释或者删除掉 www.111cn.net

  deb http://mirrors.163.com/debian wheezy main non-free contrib

  deb http://mirrors.163.com/debian wheezy-proposed-updates main contrib non-free

  deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/debian wheezy main non-free contrib

  deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/debian wheezy-proposed-updates main contrib non-free

  deb http://mirrors.163.com/debian-security wheezy/updates main contrib non-free

  deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/debian-security wheezy/updates main contrib non-free

  deb http://http.us.debian.org/debian wheezy main contrib non-free

  deb http://non-us.debian.org/debian-non-US wheezy/non-US main contrib non-free

  deb http://security.debian.org wheezy/updates main contrib non-free

  然后

  #apt-get update

  #apt-get -y upgrade

  或者

  #apt-get upgrade

  过程中有包错误的先解决错误再继续。

  升级内核

  #apt-get dist-upgrade

  中途会弹出一个软件更新的差异的内容,这个直接q退出就行了,(你有耐心也可以看完的..)

  中途会弹出一些配置的选项窗口, 简单读完了看你需要是否需要重启这些服务, 需要就YES.远程管理的最好

  直接默认下来的,之后重新配置。

  有网友要我的源文件. 我的加了2个

  view plaincopy

  deb http://mirrors.163.com/debian wheezy main non-free contrib

  deb http://mirrors.163.com/debian wheezy-proposed-updates main contrib non-free

  deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/debian wheezy main non-free contrib

  deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/debian wheezy-proposed-updates main contrib non-free

  deb http://mirrors.163.com/debian-security wheezy/updates main contrib non-free

  deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/debian-security wheezy/updates main contrib non-free

  deb http://http.us.debian.org/debian wheezy main contrib non-free

  deb http://non-us.debian.org/debian-non-US wheezy/non-US main contrib non-free

  deb http://security.debian.org wheezy/updates main contrib non-free

  deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/ubuntu-wine/ubuntu lucid main

  deb http://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/ubuntuzilla/mozilla/apt all main

  官方的安全升级中文帮助文档,从squeeze(old stable) 6.0 升级到wheezy (new stable) 7.0的帮助文档

  http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/amd64/release-notes.zh-cn.pdf

  补充一个添加系统日志的办法

  编辑/etc/default/bootlogd

  #vim /etc/default/bootlogd

  修改BOOTLOGD_ENABLE选项为

  BOOTLOGD_ENABLE=Yes

  保存退出,以后在启动之后,直接

  cat /var/log/boot

  升级到Debian7出错问题

  下载 182 MB,耗时 53分 0秒 (57.2 kB/s)

  E: 无法下载 http://security.debian.org/pool/ ... -5+deb7u1_amd64.deb:连接失败 [IP:

  212.211.132.250 80]

  E: 无法修正因软件包不可用而造成的错误

  解决办法

  重新aptitude update后,升级成功了。

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